Traveling Begonias

Bringing the world to you one artifact at a time

karnataka

From zero to elephant in four hours

IndiaKate Begonia1 Comment
20180530_141643.jpg

Yesterday morning had us headed about 2.5 hours northwest from Hyderabad to a small village called Bidar. This area is famous for a unique metalware comprised of zinc, copper and inlaid silver called Bidriware. It originated in Persia and came to India over 500 years ago.

There are only 6 companies making Bidriware so it's a very specialized craft. The artists work as a team to complete each piece, organized in a casual assembly line. These men are all specialists in what they do, and there are only 180 in the entire country trained in this handicraft.

It all starts with a block comprised of 80% zinc and 20% copper, and it takes 8 steps to complete each piece of Bidriware. We followed the entire process, from raw pieces of metal all the way to the finished product - a beautiful elephant. The 4" elephant took 4 hours to make and included at least 5 craftsmen: molding, design, engraving, inlay, and finishing.

20180530_122951.jpg

From this block the general structure is formed through a process of melting down the block and pouring it into the desired mold. The mold is packed with local black soil soured from an ancient fort in Bidar and is said to have special properties integral to making Bidriware. I'm still not sure what makes the soil so special but every single craftsmen will tell you it's an important part of the process.

After tamping it down so the impressions are defined, the molder then creates channels so when he pours the molten zinc/copper mix, it will fill in the desired area.

After a few minutes of cooling time, 'et voilà'! The first step is complete!

20180530_110818.jpg

Next the elephant was filed and sanded so no rough edges remained. After that, ammonium chloride is used to oxidize the zinc. This is done at this stage so the engraver can see his design as he etches it.

Next the mold is applied to a wax covered portable workbench of sorts. This keeps the pieces stationary as they are worked on by each artisan. The master designer takes it back and starts doing the deep etching that will become channels for inlaid silver.

And now the inlay pro joins in. First he files down the silver wire to be the appropriate gauge for this project.

After the gauge is perfected, he heats the wire so it's more malleable and begins to hammer the wire into the design.

20180530_123410.jpg

After all the silver inlaying is completed, he passes the elephant back to be taken off the wax board and filed again. The "finisher" files until the seams are smooth and then solders the two sides together with a mixture of zinc, tin, and lead.

Ta da! A fully assembled elephant! The elephant now gets filed again and buffed all over...again. Even the oxidization gets buffed off at this stage to ensure a uniformly smooth surface. 

Next the poor dear gets cleaned off with kerosene and then placed into ash to absorb the kerosene until she is completely dry. 

Now for what the craftsmen called "original magic." The finisher takes a bag of local dirt, tastes it for purity (I'm not kidding) and then mixes it with water and ammonium chloride. He then heats the mixture until boiling. And then this happens: 

Yes, this baby took 4 hours to complete but boy was that a satisfying way to end the process! After she comes out of the goo, she gets polished up with coconut oil and now this beautiful piece of art exists in the world. 

20180530_141341.jpg

Because of the materials used and the process being so labor intensive, Bidriware is highly prized and somewhat expensive. It's often given as diplomatic gifts (Obama received a Bidriware samovar on a state visit) and the artists take great pride in their workmanship. The team we spent the day with had recently been awarded first place in a local competition for their work. 

I really marvel at what goes into making every single piece. There is no automation involved and no shortcuts taken. I love seeing this ancient process live on with new generations. If you have the opportunity to collect a piece, you should. After a hard days work, I got to take home the elephant. 

Kate in Toyland

IndiaKate BegoniaComment

Today we headed to Channapatna, about 90 minutes from Bangalore. This village is known for the manufacture of wood crafts. Today they were working on toys; the types of toys any parent has seen a hundred times over. The wooden duck your kid pulled around when they were 2? Likely made here. That abacus you paid too much for at Pottery Barn? Quite possibly their product. Spinning tops, key chains, toy instruments...yep, yep, yep. Many of us don't realize when we see something stamped, "Made in India" that in all likelihood someone actually hand made it, they didn't just operate a big machine that spit out identical wooden objects, they actually put elbow grease and artistry into making it.

The site itself is pretty unassuming. In fact I wasn't sure anyone was there when we pulled up.

DSC_0087.JPG
DSC_0089.JPG

Inside, 8-10 men worked in relatively tight quarters on a variety of toys.

DSC_0098.JPG

The wood they use is a type of white pine that grows in the area. The men source the wood and bring it to the workshop themselves.

20180524_165203.jpg

They each have their own specialty and churn those out.

This man specializes in small boxes which he forms on the lathe and then hand carves detail into each one.

While he does work quickly, each embellishment is unique and precise.

20180524_165320.jpg

The colors are added after carving. They use a type of crayon made from vegetable oil that they apply with the lathe which burnishes the color into the wood. This is the red "crayon:"

20180524_170253.jpg

The finished products have a similar aesthetic but the details vary by artist.

The best part of today was the realization that our purchases supported these hardworking artists. I hope you guys like the toys and wooden handicrafts I bring back.

Saree, not sorry

IndiaKate Begonia1 Comment

One of the things that struck me on my first trip to south India was how colorful the clothing is. Women of all ages are dressed to the nines in beautiful clothing, some traditional and some more modern, but all looking quite striking.

Those who wear the traditional saree can choose from a variety of fabrics but the most luxurious is the silk saree. Today we ventured out to see how these beautiful garments are made and we got to see most of the supply chain in action in Hindupur (about 2.5 hour drive northwest into the countryside from Bangalore). This is where some of the most exclusive saree shops in India come to buy silks and re-sell in their high-end retail stores for hundreds, sometimes thousands of dollars.

First the cocoons are harvested and brought to this small factory, and the next step is for the cocoons to be removed from their husks (I have no idea if they're called husks but that's what they look like to me).

husks.jpg

Next the cocoons are added to boiling water to kill the worms living inside (yes, I felt bad for the worms...they worked so hard on their houses!)

Once the worms are boiled to death, the cocoons are dried.

cocoons.jpg

Now comes a really interesting part. They are put back into water and the cocoons are unraveled. (All that hard work by the worms, undone by humans! Honestly, who ever thought to do this. Innovation is a peculiar thing.)

spinning.jpg

After being unravelled, the silk is spooled.

With the spools in hand, they are then separated into skeins for dying. The dying process is unbelievable folks, I'm really not kidding.

33118899_10214836853328556_1009763359798591488_n.jpg

Now yet another painstaking process begins. Over what essentially amounts to an open kiln, a pair of people hand-dye the silk threads. They dip it over and over again for a period of an hour to ensure consistency of color and to create the hues you see in the most beautiful silks here.

dyingsilk.jpg

Once dried and re-spooled the new, brightly colored silk thread is delivered to the weaver.

spools.jpg

The weaver uses a loom to make the sarees. Each weaver's loom was different, some being more professional looking than others. But all of the men we met created beautiful masterpieces with silk. (Side note: all the weavers we saw today were men. I'm sure there are women too but I didn't see any in this village.)

The entire neighborhood sounded like this. While it was quite a racket, it was mesmerizing after awhile.

I'll definitely be bringing some of these silks home with me. What an unforgettable day!

saree.jpg
saree2.jpg

If you have any interest in sarees, or even just the silk, drop me a line!